March 4, 2024

HEART ATTACK IN YOUNG WOMEN

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"Gender Disparities in Survival Rates:Younger Women and Heart Attack Mortality"

Women who are younger and have heart attacks may have a lower chance of survival compared to men in the same age group. when women have a heart attack at a young age, they are more likely to have negative health consequences and be readmitted to the hospital than men. Read on to know more in today’s women fitness blog.

Recent research suggests that there may be more important and influential factors that contribute to heart attacks in young women that previously thought the researchers are calling for increased public knowledge and awareness about heart attacks in young women including their specific symptoms and necessary medical attention they require.

A recent study has found that young women who experience a heart attack are more likely to have a greater burden of risk factors compared to men, such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity,. As a result they may have difficulty controlling these risk factors after being discharged from the hospital, which can lead to worse outcomes including recurrent heart attacks and chest pain. The study also found that women were less likely to have chest pain when they arrive at the hospital and more likely to arrive more than six hours after their symptoms began.

What is usually the first symptom of a heart attack in young women?

  1. Chest Pain, Pressure, Fullness or discomfort
  2. Nausea and Cold Sweats
  3. Discomfort in other part of the body

What is the first sign of a weak heart?

  1. Shortness of breath with activity or when lying down 
  2. swelling in the legs
  3. irregular heart beat
  4. weakness

Some Other Factors:

  • Family History
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Condition(Rheumatoid Arthritis, HIV/AIDS, High level of Triglycerides

 

Women were also more likely to have a non ST-elevated myocardial infarction (a heart attack that happens when the heart’s need for oxygen is not met)and myocardial infarction with non obstructive coronary arteries(MINOCA) a heart attack not caused by blockage.These women tended to stay in the hospital longer and receive lower rates of recommended medical therapies compared to patients who had a heart attack caused by blockage. The study highlights the need for secondary preventive strategies to reduce coronary related hospitalization and to further research the causes non-cardiac hospitalization.

Can Risk Factors Be Changed?

Yes, some risk factors can be changed like quit smoke and vaping, Reduce stress, Sleep more, Limit Alcohol, No more than two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women.

A Healthy diet can help reduce the risk of developing heart disease. A balanced diet with low fat dairy products, poultry products, fish, eggs, nuts, fruits and vegetables, limit saturated and trans fats, sodium , sweets, red meat, sugar, and sweetened beverages, fried foods and cookies.

3 Ways to lower risk of a second heart attack

Take Medications

Follow up with your health care professional

Manage risk factors

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Diet For Healthy Heart

An unhealthy diet is a contributor to the development of heart attacks. People who consume excessive amount of sugar, trans fats, animal fats, and processed foods are at a higher risk.Healthy eating can prevent from developing heart disease.

The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)diet is a dietary pattern designed to prevent and lower high blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease. the DASH diet emphasizes consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, low fat dairy products. Research has shown that DASH diet can reduce total and LDL (BAD) cholesterol levels, and decrease the risk of heart attack.It’s always important to consult your healthcare provider before making any significant changes in your diet.

A general DASH diet plan for heart health:

  1. Fruits and Vegetables:- Choose 4-5 colorful servings of fruits and  4-5 servings of vegetable each day.
  2.  Whole Grains:- 6-8 servings of whole grains like Quinoa, Oatmeal, Whole Wheat Bread per day.
  3. Low Fat Dairy Products:- 2-3 servings of Low fat products like Milk, Yogurt per day.
  4. Lean Proteins:- Choose 5-6 servings lean proteins like Chicken, Beans, Tofu, Fish per day.

It is important to note that everyone’s dietary needs are different so better to consult with your doctor or registered dietitian before making any changes to your diet.they can help you develop a personalized plan that works for your need and goals.

Exercise Routine For Healthy Heart

Regular exercise is essential for healthy heart health. Exercise helps to strengthen the heart muscle, improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of heart disease.Here are some exercises that are beneficial for healthy heart:-

  1. Aerobic Exercise- Aerobic exercise, also known as cardio exercise increases heart rate like Brisk walking, Running, Cycling, Swimming and Dancing.

  2. Strength Training-Strength training , also known as resistance training helps to build and maintain muscle mass. This can help to improve overall fitness and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  3. Flexibility Training- Flexibility training like Stretching or Yoga can help to lower stress level, which is important for heart health.
  4.  High Intensity Interval Training(HIIT)- HIIT involves short bursts of intense activity followed by periods of rest.This type of exercise has been shown particularly effective for improving cardiovascular fitness and reducing the risk of heart attack.

Exercise Routine After Heart Attack

Returning to exercise or start a new exercise after a heart attack can be challenging. It is crucial to gradually reintroduce exercise into your routine to reduce the risk of future heart problems. Start with low-intensity activities like walking and gradually increase the duration and intensity over time.Follow the guidelines of your cardiac rehabilitation team, and if any symptoms like chest discomfort or excessive fatigue occur during exercise, stop immediately and consult your doctor. Consistency is key, so aim for regular exercise most days of the week.By starting slow and gradually building up your activity level, you can promote a safer and more successful recovery while improving your heart health. Our women fitness blogs are always there to help you stay fit – mentally, emotionally and physically.